Almost three years ago, Tom Brughmans sent me an email to see if I’d be interested in some kind of academic exchange. At the time, he was at the University of Konstanz and there is a state-province level exchange program that we could apply to. ‘C’mon over!’ said I, and soon Tom, Iza Romanowska, and their two wee babies arrived in Ottawa.

This began one of the most productive partnerships I’ve ever enjoyed. The plan was initially to do something digital – Tom and Iza are amongst the most accomplished simulationists and digital archaeologists out there – but plans soon changed. ‘How about a board game?’ said Tom, and I was sold. (update: Tom says it was me who suggested the game! Funny thing, memory)

We began by looking at the collection of board games in MacOdrum Library. What games did we like? Why did we like them? What problem space (as Jeremiah McCall terms it) do they address, and how? What is the key issue in our own research that a board game could address? I have a giant whiteboard in my office, and we started sketching these ideas out. Tom and I have both written and created simulations of Roman economics, and we have both explored Roman archaeology from a network perspective, so it made sense to us to use these experiences as points of departure.

Earlier in the year, I had also participated in the Interactive Pasts conferences, giving a paper on agent simulation as ‘games that play themselves‘. This got me to thinking about the differences between agent models, video games, and board games, and we started thinking about board games as being ‘analog simulations’ that encouraged modding, tinkering, and ‘house rules’. That is, unlike a video game that makes you perform its creators’ ideas about how the world-space works (and are thus very hard to see or contest – but not impossible) an analog game/simulation invites reflection on the rules and system. Thus we set out to make a game that reflects our perspective on the importance of network dynamics and information asymmetry in the Roman world, but that also invites its players to reflect on and perhaps alter/mod those rules for their own purposes.

A board game!

We started sketching out a flow-chart of how the game would progress as if it were a Netlogo simulation. Somewhere in my office I know I still have the giant sheets of paper on which we scrawled pseudo-code, replete with crossing outs, multiple hands and colours, as we worked out how the game should be played. We used a networked representation of connectivity in the Roman world that Tom whipped up in Visone, against a map of the Mediterranean, to start building our board. Eventually, we ended up with this:

Original Board for FORVM

And we started playing. And replaying. And modifying. And playing. And fixing. I dragooned one of the MA students (Hi Elise!) to be our fourth player. And we played. And fixed. And played some more. Eventually, Tom, Iza, and the boys had to go back home. Over the next two years, we kept fiddling with the game, and Tom’s extended network of friends and family playtested and continued to refine the game. At this point, we commissioned the brilliant artist Ian Kirkpatrick to produce the artwork for the game, and to turn our board above into this:

Once we had the game manufactured, we tried to have a copy sent to Tom and Iza so that we could reveal it and play it at a workshop Tom put on in Oxford in early October… but alas, that copy is somewhere in Spain, ping-ponging between different postal sorting offices, or slid down behind a radiator somewhere. A copy did make its way to me in Ottawa, and I asked my colleague Marc Saurette (who does an amazing semester-long seminar where the students role-play medieval politics) to play-test it one last time with his students.

A slightly-blurry shot of the game in action

With a few tweaks in place, we are delighted to announce that the game is now available for purchase! It’s manufactured in the United States. If you’re ordering from a non-US location, make sure to select the international tracking option lest your copy go missing in the postal system too. The game has its own website at  but you can purchase direct from the manufacturer at We’re not making money on this; it’s all at cost, an exercise in getting our research knowledge out into the public sphere.

Would you like to play a game?